House of Exotic Arts And Crafts
Raz Kashmir

Chainstitch,Crewel and Namdas


Natively known as “jalakdozi”, it is chainstitch done with a hook in long flowing designs. All the embroidery is executed on white cotton fabric, pre shrunk by the manufacturers. The intrinsic worth of each piece lies in the size of the stitches and yarn used. Tiny stitches are used to cover the entire area, the figures of motifs are worked in striking colours; the background in a single colour, made up of a series of coin sized concentric circles which impart dynamism and a sense of the movement to the design. Stitches ought to be small, even sized and neat. The background fabric should not be visible through the stitches.


CREWEL is basically similar to chainstitch. It is also chainstitch done on white background, but here the motif, mainly stylized flowers, do not cover the entire surface and the background is not embroidered upon. Wool is almost invariably used in crewel work and the colours are not as elaborate as in chainstitch. These fabric are available in bolts and sold in length. They make excellent household furnishings being hand or machine washable.


NUMDAS are a kind of mattress, originally from Kashmir. These are made by felting the wool rather than weaving it. Good quality wool mixed with a small quantity of cotton is used to manufacture Namdas. They are usually of two types, plain and embroidered. Formerly woolen yarn was used for embroidery, but now acrylic yard, (cashmelon) is in use. Namdas and Gabbas are embroidered with thread, which gives color, beauty and strength to them.

Prices of Namdas depend upon the quality of wool, pattern (plain or embroidery), size of the product and the neatness in design. Far less expensive are the colorful floor coverings made from woolen and cotton fibre which has been manually pressed into shape. Prices vary with the percentage of wool - a Namda containing 80% wool being more expensive than one containing 20% wool. Chain stitch embroidery in woolen and cotton thread is worked on these rugs
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Chainstitch rug
Numda(felted wool)
Crewel